CRENoS was formally established in 1993 by economists of the University of Cagliari and the University of Sassari. Since 2000 it is a section of the Interuniversity Centre for Economic Research and Mobility (CIREM).

Since the beginning, when most of the research activities were focused on the study of economic dualism, growth and convergence, the Centre has broadened the range of research topics. The Centre is now engaged in both theoretical and applied research. Within the active research lines, special attention is paid to the role played by intangible factors (human capital, social capital, institutional quality, technological change) in enhancing economic performance, to financial and monetary issues, as well as to health and welfare systems, natural resources and sustainable development.

CRENoS is partner of international research networks, within which it participates in projects, funded by the European Union and other international institutions, and organizes scientific conferences, seminars, master courses and summer schools.

CRENoS Researchers are staff of the Department of Economics and Business of the University of Cagliari or of the Department of Economics and Business of the University of Sassari

The Centre organisational structure consists of the Director, the Research Committee (Emanuela Marrocu, Gianfranco Atzeni, Bianca Biagi, Fabio Cerina and Giovanni Sulis) and the Board of the Researchers.