The role of localised, recombinant and exogenous technological change in European regions
|Title||The role of localised, recombinant and exogenous technological change in European regions|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Maggioni, MA, Marrocu, E, Uberti, TE, Usai, S|
|ISBN Number||978 88 68514 631|
|Keywords||european regions, evolutionary economic geography, localised technology change, patent analysis, recombinant innovation, spatial ordered models., Technology/knowledge space|
How do regions develop and evolve along their productive and technological path is a central question. Within an evolutionary perspective, a given region is likely to develop new technologies closer to its pre-existing specialization. We adopt the approach of Hidalgo et al. (2007) to map the regional European technology/knowledge space to investigate the pattern and the evolution of regional specialisation in the most innovative EU countries. These dynamics depend on the interaction of three factors: (i) localised technological change, (ii) endogenous processes of knowledge recombination, and (iii) exogenous technological paradigm shifts while accounting for spatial and technological spillovers. Our paper maps the technological trajectories of 198 EU regions over the period 1986-2010 by using data on 121 patent sectors at the NUTS2 level for the 11 most innovative European countries, plus Switzerland and Norway. The results show that regional technological specialization is mainly shaped by localised technological change and exogenous technological paradigm shifts, whereas recombinant innovation contributes to a lower extent and that these effects largely depends on the increasing, decreasing or stable regional dynamics.