The Effect of R&D Subsidies on Private R&D: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Data
|Title||The Effect of R&D Subsidies on Private R&D: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Data|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Keywords||applied econometrics, matching, public subsidies, r&d investment|
This paper uses a comprehensive firm level data set for the manufacturing sector in Italy to investigate the effect of government support on privately financed R&D expenditure. Estimates from a two-step equation model suggest that public assistance has a positive effect on private R&D investment. A non parametric matching procedure is also used to investigate the same effect. Here again the results suggest that the recipient firms achieve more private R&D than they would have without public support. The paper also examines whether public funding effects the financial sources available for R&D and finds that grants encourage credit financing for R&D. The effects on the use of internal sources are not conclusive.