Drop-out decisions in a cohort of Italian university students
|Title||Drop-out decisions in a cohort of Italian university students|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Atzeni, G, Deidda, LG, Delogu, M, Paolini, D|
|ISBN Number||978 88 68513 047|
|Keywords||DropOut, Higher Education, Instrumental Variable, location choice|
We study the determinants of student drop-out decisions using data on a cohort of over 230000 students enrolled in the Italian university system. We find that students who leave their homes to enrol at university (off-site students) drop out significantly less than those who study in their home town. We provide significant evidence that off-site students are a self-selected sample of the total population. Accordingly, we use an instrumental variable (IV) approach to identify the causal relationship. The IV estimation finds that studying off-site negatively affects drop-out decisions and more so for students growing up in the south of Italy who typically study off-site in the centre-north of Italy.