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Presentation of the paper
Neighborhood Effects and Parental involvement in the Intergenerational Transmission of Education
Università La Sapienza di Roma
Eleonora Patacchini and Yves Zenou
We analyze the intergenerational transmission of education focusing on the interplay beetween family and neighborhood effects. We develop a theoretical model suggesting that both neighborhood quality and parental effort matter in the education attained by children. This model proposes a mechanism explaining why and how they matter, distinguishing between high- and low-educated parents. We then bring this model to the data using a longitudinal data set in Britain. The available information on social housing in big cities allow us to identify the role of neighborhood in educational outcomes. We find that the better is the quality of the neighborhood, the higher is the parents' involvement in their children's education. A novel finding with respect to the previous US studies is that family matters for highly-educated parents while it is the community that is crucial for the education achievement of children coming from low-educated families.
Key words: Education, cultural transmission, cultural substitution, peer effects, social tenants.
JEL Classification: I21, J13, J24.
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