Is Agglomeration really good for Growth? Global Efficiency, Interregional Equity and Uneven Growth
|Title||Is Agglomeration really good for Growth? Global Efficiency, Interregional Equity and Uneven Growth|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||F. Cerina, F. Mureddu|
|Keywords||agglomeration, aggregate real growth, interregional equity, localized knowledge spillovers, non- tradables, regional real growth|
According to NEG literature (Baldwin et al. (2004)), spatial concentration of industrial activities increases growth at the regional and aggregate level without generating regional growth differentials. This view is not supported by the data. We extend the canonical model with an additional sector producing non-tradable goods which benefits from localized knowledge spillovers coming from the R&D performing industrial sector. This view, motivated by the evidence, generates both an anti-growth and a pro-growth effect of agglomeration for both the deindustrializing and the industrializing regions and leads to two novel results: 1) when agglomeration takes place, growth is lower in the periphery; 2) agglomeration may have a negative effect on the growth rate of real income, both at the regional and at the aggregate level. Our conclusions have relevant policy implications: contrary to the standard view, current EU and US regional policies favouring industrial dispersion might be welfare-improving both at the regional and the aggregate level and may reduce regional income disparities.