Measuring and forecasting regional environmental and economic efficiency in Italy

TitleMeasuring and forecasting regional environmental and economic efficiency in Italy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsOA. Carboni, P. Russu
JournalApplied Economics

Environmental and economic efficiency has being receiving growing attention among researchers. In general terms, this concept is related to the capability of the economic systems to employ natural resources efficiently, so as to increase economic and human wealth. This clearly implies that both the economic and ecological aspects of decisions ought to be considered. Bearing this in mind, this article considers economic and ecological performance together, by applying data envelopment analysis and the Malmquist productivity index to investigate the efficiency of the 20 Italian regions from 2004 to 2011. The results reveal that the northern regions have been more efficient than the southern ones, highlighting the strong geographical differences between the two. Furthermore, this article uses the grey system theory to forecast regional, economic and environmental efficiency. The results of the forecasting analysis show that the north–south duality remains strong and will possibly increase since the regions in the south get worse in term of environmental and economic efficiency.

KeywordsData envelopment analysis (DEA), forecasting, Grey system theory, Malmquist productivity index (MPI), panel data