Firm Dynamics and Employment Protection: Evidence from Sectoral Data

TitleFirm Dynamics and Employment Protection: Evidence from Sectoral Data
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsA. Bottasso, M. Conti, G. Sulis
JournalLabour Economics

We analyze the impact of employment protection legislation (EPL) on firms’ entry and exit rates in a set of industries in thirteen OECD countries from the most recent version of the OECD Structural and Business Statistics Database. Using a difference-in-differences identification strategy, we find that more stringent EPL is associated to both lower entry and exit in industries characterized by higher worker reallocation intensity. We decompose the overall effect of EPL and find that both collective and individual dismissal regulations reduce the entry and exit rates. The negative effects of EPL are stronger for small firms. An extensive robustness analysis confirms our main findings.

KeywordsDiff-in-diff, employment protection legislation, Entry and exit, misallocation, turnover