A deliberative-participative procedure for sustainable urban mobility – Findings from a test in Bari (Italy)
|Title||A deliberative-participative procedure for sustainable urban mobility – Findings from a test in Bari (Italy)|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||S. Franceschini, G. Marletto|
|ISBN Number||978 88 8467 887 4|
|Keywords||Bari, Deliberation, participation, Sustainable mobility, Traffic scheme|
Participation is advocated as an essential component of strategies and policies for sustainable urban mobility. This paper refers to the overall literature on participation and provides the design, test and ex-post evaluation of a deliberative-participative procedure (DPP) aimed at selecting a new scheme for the regulation of traffic and parking in the “Murat”, a central area of Bari (Italy). The potential benefits and shortcomings of participation were explicitly considered when designing a DPP which integrates three tools: an opinion poll and two deliberative arenas – the “stakeholder dialogue” and the “citizens' jury”. The ex-post evaluation of the test confirmed ex-ante design choices. The use of understandable techniques for deliberation and assessment helped participants to generate an unambiguous final result which was based on the “hybridisation” of the alternative schemes proposed to participants at the beginning of the procedure. The continuous reference to citizens' opinion avoided that more powerful stakeholders may capture the whole procedure. Only a “frustration” effect was generated because of the limited involvement of the Municipality of Bari, thus confirming that the involvement of the relevant Authority is an essential requisite for successful participation. We suggest that the generation of new knowledge and learning could be further assured by the participation of citizens and stakeholders to the definition of the alternatives they will assess later.