Crime as tourism externality
|Title||Crime as tourism externality|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||B. Biagi, C. Detotto|
|Keywords||crime, negative externality, spill-over effect, tourism|
This paper analyses the linkage between tourism and crime with particular focus on the distortions generated onto criminal activities by the presence of visitors. Controlling for socio-demographic and economic variables, we empirically investigate the contribution of tourist arrivals to different types of crimes for 103 Italian provinces and for the year 2005. Possible spill-over effects of crime are taken into account by testing two spatial models (one spatial lag model and one spatial error model). We also test the hypothesis according to which the different geography of tourist destinations - i.e. urban, mountain, marine etc- alters the impact of tourism on crime. Finally, we measure the social cost of crime associated with tourist arrivals.